Fostering independent play in young children takes time and patience. Some children are naturally more content with their own company but for others, playing independently can be a struggle, particularly if they have been entertained frequently as infants or had play done for them in the early stage of their life.
Our eldest daughter is like this and it has taken significant and conscious effort on our part to foster independent play skills in her. For the past three years we have been following the advice of Magda Gerber’s RIE Parenting. We are now starting to see more independence in her play and contentedness to be on her own as a result.
Here are eight tips that have most helped us in encouraging our toddlers to play independently.
1. Start Young
Much of the need our children have for us to play with them is conditioned by us in the early days and months. In our excitement to play with and for our babies we are inadvertently teaching them that their own play is not good enough. Instead of trusting in the contentedness they often have at that age, we are rattling things at them, playing little games, showing them how things work etc. When we trust that they really don’t need to be entertained as babies because everything is new and exciting to them, then we teach them to be content with their own discoveries.
Toys are a huge part of encouraging independent play. Our children are born with not only a huge capacity to learn but to be creative as well. When we expose them to toys which entertain them at a push of a button, the creative part of their brain is not fed and nourished and as such reduces. As the novelty of the flashy toy quickly wears off, we find that children require more and more elaborate toys to achieve the same entertainment factor.
Replacing battery operated or single function toys with open ended, problem solving, role playing and age appropriate toys, will encourage children to use their imaginations, leaving them free to control the play. Items such as such as spoons, cups, bowls and balls for babies and blocks, pieces of material, cardboard boxes, play kitchens,dress ups, tea sets and train sets for toddlers are so multidimensional that they leave a child’s imagination free to create and explore. This helps build the child’s confidence in their ability to play and thus allows them to become more independent.
The other thing that is perfect for developing babies and toddlers are small climbing structures, especially those that can have multi-purposes like cubbys or small steps etc.
Here are some of our favourite open ended and role playing toys along with some climbing structures for babies and toddlers. This list contains Amazon Affiliate Links, but bear in mind that the best baby/ toddler toys come straight from the kitchen cupboard.
Blocks (my children are enjoying building with old boxes of different sizes eg cereal, tissue, cracker etc boxes at the moment.)
Play Silks (pieces of textured materials)
Play Kitchens (you can fashion these from old cupboards or even an upturned cardboard box with some upside down disposable plates for hobs.)
Dress ups (Tea towels pegged to clothes or tied around shoulders can be substituted for capes.)
Figurines for small world play
3. Stop Playing For Them
When Magda Gerber conducted studies of children over many decades she concluded that children are highly competent beings capable of doing far more than many gave them credit for. She proposed that given the right environment and provided with adequate love, support and respect, children will naturally thrive, learn, play and grow at the perfect pace for them.
She observed that children flourished in play in the presence of their caregivers but actually lost confidence in their ability to play when the play was done for them. That is, they came to consider that their own form of play was not valued when the caregiver took over, made suggestions or controlled the play scene. So it is important to leave the play to the children.
This doesn’t mean you can’t be there to enjoy it, it just means that watching and observing is better for encouraging your child’s natural play instincts than actually playing and thinking for them. My children often invite me into their play and I take on a puppet type role. They pull the strings and I cooperate accordingly, trying not to take the play to a level more in line with my development or experiences.
4. Take Their Play Seriously
When children are playing, it can be easy to trivialise it or not treat it with due respect. Understanding that a child’s play is their work, respecting that they are engaged and occupied even when it doesn’t look like much and giving them the time and space to do as such encourages children to be intrinsically motivated in their play and thus allows them to be content playing on their own.
Avoid unnecessary interruptions to their play. Swooping in to pick up a toddler in the midst of play because we decide it is a meal time, nappy change time or even just time to go, conditions children to become easily distracted and lessens the value they place on independent play.
Observing first before calling to them or interrupting their play is the key. Look for a break in their concentration or better still, wait for them to engage with you through a look, action or words. Then give them a time warning eg “I need to change your nappy we can do it now or wait for five minutes so you can finish what you are doing. Which would you prefer?” or “We need to go out to the shops, you can have five more minutes to finish up your play.”
5. Give Them Your Undivided Attention
Children want to know that they are valued, that we are genuinely interested in them and what they do. Dedicating some time everyday to sit and watch them play is important to satisfy this need. If they don’t have this need satisfied, they will seek the attention they desire through more overt means and will be less inclined to want to play independently.
Observations should be fully attentive with no phones, no computers, no magazines etc. I can’t stress the value of this for our children.Try to dedicate 20 minutes to half an hour of quality observation time every morning with your This will not only fill that attention bucket and reinforce the value you place on their playtime, you will find that you learn a lot about your children. You will see their intelligences, their interests, their ideas and their thoughts. It’s amazing how much of our children’s mind sight are revealed through their play.
6. Connect During Care Giving Tasks
Caregiving tasks are the perfect time to connect with children. Often, when we shower them with our full attention during these times, they are less likely to need us at other times throughout the day.
Sing songs with them in the bath (my kids love playing 5 cheeky monkeys with tongs and empty food dye bottles).
Engage with them over meals instead of having them sit alone to eat. We love to set up picnics throughout the house (kid’s choice of venue) or sometimes we make a birthday party for a favourite stuffed animal and put candles in food items to blow out (sometimes candles may just be toothpicks.)
Nappy changes/ getting dressed etc are also perfect times to connect by inviting the child to participate in the change as much as possible. Talk to them and help them participate in theses tasks instead of doing things to them whilst they are distracted with toys, phones or the TV. Have some fun playing peek-a-boo with younger kids or be silly with older kids by having a playful pillow fight or dressing them the wrong way eg (pants on your head). This type of connection can be given at all ages, including newborn, as this beautiful video demonstrates.
Here’s how we changed our change table relationship early on with our children.
7. Get in Touch With Your Child’s Interests
When we tune in to the interests of our child and provide them with an environment that is engaging and well-suited to their needs, it can encourage them to play independently. If our children are sensory and enjoy exploring their environment with all senses (like mine do) we can provide them with a variety of play materials that satisfy this and encourage them to explore their interest further.
For example, I always have play doh available and I have a box of fabrics of varying textures for my little ones to explore at will. The sandpit has been a welcome addition recently, with my sensory children disappearing into the backyard for extended periods of sandpit play.
They have also been really interested in birds lately and spend a lot of time asking about the birds they see in the garden. Giving them some related materials helps them to explore this further and encourages their inquisitive minds at the same time.
As they get older and begin questioning the workings of the world, tapping into those questions and genuine interests, providing them with an understanding of how to learn, research and discover more will help them develop the skills they need to do this independently. If we answer their questions straight up, we deny them the opportunity to learn how to discover it for themselves and further increase their dependence on us. Kate, from An Everyday Story provides many wonderful examples of this on her blog.
8. Limit Screen Time
The Lure of screen time is understandable. For many, it is a sure way of achieving some independent and peaceful time away from their young one. The issue in the realm of independent play, though, is that the sensory bombardment and stimulation that screens provide our children can be really hard to compete with. A basket of blocks or some cardboard boxes along with their own imaginations may not seem adequate enough after watching a thrilling episode of Fireman Sam.
This habit can be a tough one to break for both children and parents but it can be done if you are thinking this is something that could help your child with their independent play. This article has some great ideas for encouraging less screen time during the day.
You might also enjoy reading:
Increasing Attention Span in Toddlers Through Purposeful Play ~ Kate Russell (Peaceful Parents, Confident Kids)
Raising Independent Kids and Self-Directed Learners – Sara (Happiness is Here)
7 Myths That Discourage Independent Play – Janet Lansbury (Janet Lansbury – Elevating Childcare)
Solo Engagement – Fostering Your Toddler’s Independent Play – Janet Lansbury (Janet Lansbury – Elevating Childcare)
Fostering Self-Directed Play: Ten Tips to Help Preschoolers Entertain Themselves – (Loving Earth Mother)